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Tooth extractions are performed for a variety of reasons including tooth decay, injury, and for orthodontic treatment.
Tooth extractions are a relatively common procedure in most dental offices. The difficulty of the procedure varies depending on the case and the patient; however, anesthesia is used to numb the area and prevent pain during the procedure.
There are two forms of extraction: simple and surgical extractions.
Simple tooth extractions are performed on teeth that can be seen in the mouth. They are removed due to decay or injury. During this procedure, the doctor will grasp the tooth with forceps and loosen it by moving the forceps back and forth. The loosened tooth will then easily come out.
Surgical tooth extractions are performed on teeth that have broken off or that have not yet come in (e.g. wisdom teeth). To remove the tooth, the doctor will have to lift the soft tissue to see the tooth being extracted. Surgical extractions can be done with general anesthesia which is sometimes preferred.
The most common reason for removal of a tooth is severe decay or breakage of a tooth. However, teeth may also be removed because of:
Regardless of the reasons a tooth must be pulled, extraction is usually reserved only for cases in which no other treatment option will cure the infection or problem.